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Basically, the architecture is splitted into 5 layers

Each layer take data in input and either

Those layers are drived by one class : SerialCompilerProcessorImpl (net.nosica.compiler.application.SerialCompilerProcessorImpl). The role of SerialCompilerProcessorImpl is to bootstrap the compilation process by compiling some native classes needed for compilation (like None, String, String[] ...) and the main class passed as parameter to the compiler.

Parsing layer

Location: net.nosica.parser

Input: Nosica source file

Output: Decorated parsed tree

All nodes of the parsed tree are located at net.nosica.parser.node

Symbol extraction layer

Location: net.nosica.symbol

Input: Decorated parsed tree

Output: Symbol table

The symbol table is composed of :

At symbol stage, we cannot know if a type is generic or not. Therefore, we denote this fact that stating that all types are possibly generic. Therefore the name GenericType and GenericMethod. Field cannot be generic. Never. Therefore they are simply called Field. Not GenericField. We cannot know a type is generic or not because types like MyType<int32> are in fact not generic as they are fully resolved. The problem is that, at this stage, we cannot know if int32 is a generic parameter (like T) or if it's a fully resolved type name (like net.nosica.lang.int32).

Type check layer

Location: net.nosica.compiler.typecheck

Input: Decorated parsed tree

Output : IR (Intermediate Representation)

The type check layer visits all nodes of a decorated parsed tree and reports errors as it detects them. On the flow it translate the Nosica source code's complex tree in an IR. IR nodes are located in net.nosica.compiler.intermediate

IR Analysis layer

Location: net.nosica.compiler.analysis

Input : IR

Output : modified IR or/and more information on IR for better code production

Production layer

Location: net.nosica.compiler.production

Input : IR

Output : target source code

Currently we only compil to c source code.

Type loading, genericity solving

There is a special class : net.nosica.compiler.application.TypeLoaderImpl whose role is to create a fully resolved Type suitable for type checking. Here's how it works :

  1. It receives a TypeName in input
  2. It looks if it already knows this type in the Symbol table (SymbolEnvironment)
  3. If not, it tries to load it using the FileLoader (net.nosica.application.FileLoader), the parser and the symbol extraction
  4. It also loads all dependencies of this type
  5. At this point, it has to make a match between a TypeName and a set of GenericType
  6. If there is a match, it uses the GenericitySolver (net.nosica.compiler.application.GenericitySolver) to transform the GenericType into a fully resolved type (net.nosica.compiler.typechecker.Type)
  7. It then stores the resolved types in the TypeEnvironment (net.nosica.compiler.application.TypeEnvironment)
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